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5. Foods & Feeding

How often and when to feed varies from tank to tank depending on its inhabitants. Types of fish have different feeding habits and nutrition requirements. Carnivores have larger stomachs and tend to gulp larger quantities of food once a day and some only 3 times a week. Herbivores have small stomachs and longer intestines and feed here and there throughout the. day. Omnivorous fish, some of which are active at night, spend the day hunting for food. In a community tank feed twice a day and only what the fish consume within 5 minutes.
 
Feeding a variety, including flake, frozen, freeze dried and live foods, ensures that fish get the balance of nutrients they require and is most likely to match some of the foods they eat in their natural habitats.
 
What to feed:
Characins Loaches Carp-Like fish Angelfish Bettas
Livebearers Barbs African Cichlids Gouramis Goldfish
Catfish Rainbows Other Cichlids Discus Koi
 
Below is a list of community fish and the diets best suited to meet their nutritional requirements.
 
Characins
Most characins are active in the day and travel in schools. Tetras are included in the group. Examples: Pristella Tetra (Pristella maxillaris), Cardinal Tetra (Paracheirodon axelrodi), Rummynose Tetra (Hemigrammus bleheri). Members of this group that have red, orange or gold colorations can be brightened by supplementing the Vivid Color Flake. Freeze dried blood worms dripped with vitamins, Vita Chem Freshwater or frozen bloodworms should be included as a treat to maximize growth and health.
Feed a combination of:
OSI Marine Labs Vivid Color Flakes
OSI Marine Labs Freshwater Flakes
Supplementing with these 2-3 times a week:
  Blood Worms, Freeze Dried
Frozen Baby Brine Shrimp
Aqua Yums Frozen Bloodworms

Livebearers
This is one group of fish that shows off its splendor when fed a healthy, varied diet. Quality color enhancers combined with a diet heavy in Sprirulina make a huge difference in the long term health and vitality of these fish. Mollies, in particular, should be fed Spirulina. The secret to healthy Swordtails is a varied diet. Color enhancers and bloodworms make the most difference in Platys. Examples: Guppies (Poecillia reticulata), Black Molly (Poecillia latipinna), Swordtail (Xiphophorus helleri), and Platy (Xiphophorus macalatus) .
Feed a combination of:
  OSI Marine Labs Spirulina Flakes
OSI Marine Labs Freshwater Ultra Flakes
Supplementing with these 2-3 times a week:
  OSI Vivid Color Flakes
Blood Worms, Freeze Dried
Aqua Yums Frozen Bloodworms

Catfish
This group includes many night feeders and does best when fed diets specific to each species. Remember, the difference between healthy and dying Plecos is Spirulina wafers and driftwood for them to feed on. Cory cats, as well as other species in this group, sift through gravel and scavenge for uneaten food. Examples: Cory cats, Plecos, Pictus Cat(Pimelodus pictus).
Feed a combination of:
  Spirulina Sinking Wafers
Shrimp Pellets, Sinking
Aqua Yums Frozen Bloodworms

Loaches
These are aquarium favorites, and include Clown Loaches, Redtail Sharks (Epalzeorhynchus bIcolor), Zipper Loaches (Botia fasciata) and many more. Clown Loaches (Botia macracanthus) and other loaches grow large and colorful with the right combinations of nutritious foods.
Feed a combination of:
  Sinking Shrimp Pellets
Aqua Yums Frozen Bloodworms
Supplementing with these 2-3 times a week:
  Live Blackworms, if available

Barbs
Some members of this active and interesting family are fin nippers and should be kept in schools of 5 or more to minimize aggressive behavior. All Barbs grow healthy and full with Vivid Color Flakes for color enhancing and brine shrimp treats. Examples: Tiger Barb (Barbus tetrazona), Tinfoil (Barbus schwanefeldi) and Cherry Barbs (Barbus titteya).
Feed a combination of:
  OSI Marine Labs Vivid Color Flakes
Staple Granules, Fine
or
Staple Granules, Tiny
or
OSI Marine Labs Freshwater Flakes
Supplementing with these 2-3 times a week:
  Aqua Yums Frozen Brine Shrimp
Aqua Yums Frozen Bloodworms

Rainbows
Many species of Rainbow fish are available for the home aquarium. Examples: Boesemani Rainbow Fish (Melantaenia boesemani). Proper feeding with quality, nutritious foods helps make this of the most exciting and colorful fish available for the community aquarium. As they grow larger, introduce them to pelleted food like the Platinum Chroma Xtreme.
Feed a combination of:
  OSI Marine Labs Vivid Color Flakes or
OSI Marine Labs Freshwater Flakes
Supplementing with these 2-3 times a week:
  Aqua Yums Frozen Brine Shrimp
Aqua Yums Frozen Bloodworms

Carp-Like Fish
This group is characterized by its sucker-type mouth. Most members of the group feed on algae but also delight in a frequent meaty treat. Example: Chinese Algae Eater (Gyrinocheilus aymonieri).
Feed a combination of:
  Spirulina Sinking Wafers
Frozen Bloodworms

African Cichlids
Color and intensity are what these fish bring to an aquarium. Hardiness, striking color, morphology and unique behaviors make this one of the most interesting groups for the home or office aquarium. For maximum results use trace elements Cichlid Gro and African Cichlid Salt. Feeding twice daily, once with frozen and once with other foods is recommended. At least feed two different foods daily. Examples: T Electric Blue Johannii (Melanochromis johannii), Cobalt Blue Cichlid or Zebra Malawi Cichlid (Pseudotropheus zebra), Auratus (Melanochromis auratus), Labidochromis (Labidochromis caeruleus "yellow"), Pseudotropheus (Pseudotropheus socolofi) and Frontosa (Cyphotilapia frontosa).
Feed a combination of:
  OSI Marine Labs Cichlid Flakes or
OSI Marine Labs Cichlid Pellets or
OSI Marine Labs Cichlid Pellets, Sm and
OSI Marine Labs Cichlid Premier Floating Pellets, Large or
OSI Marine Labs Cichlid Premier Floating Pellets, Medium
Spectrum Foods
Supplementing with these 2-4 times a week:
  Frozen Plankton

Other Cichlids
These fish very do well on flakes and small pellets when young. As they grow and become fuller, introduce larger foods like frozen, freeze dried and pellets. Color enhancing foods bring out red, yellow and orange colorations. Feed frozen instead of live food. Proper nutrition keeps these fish healthy and robust for many years. Examples: Oscars (Astronotus occellatus), Red Devil Cichlid (Amphilophus labiatus), Firemouth Cichlid (Thorichthys meeki), Dempseys (Nandopsis octofasciatus), Blood Parrot Cichlids (Amphilophus "Red Parrot" hybride).
Feed a combination of:
  OSI Marine Labs Cichlid Flakes or
OSI Marine Labs Cichlid Premier Floating Pellets, or
OSI Marine Labs Cichlid Premier Floating Pellets, Medium
OSI Marine Labs Cichlid Premier Floating Pellets, Small
OSI Marine Labs Spirulina Pellets, Medium
Supplementing with these 2-3 times a week:
  Frozen Krill
Frozen Plankton
Aqua Yums Frozen Silversides
San Francisco Frozen Silversides
Krill, Freeze Dried

Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare)
These graceful cichlids can be picky eaters and sometimes difficult to feed. The foods listed below contain all the nutrition for daily activity, reproductive cycles and caring for fry.
Feed a combination of:
  OSI Marine Labs Angel Flakes
Formula Two Frozen Food
Supplementing with these 2-3 times a week:
  Aqua Yums Frozen Brine Shrimp
Aqua Yums Frozen Blood Worms

Gouramis
Feed a combination of:
  OSI Marine Labs Vivid Color Flakes
OSI Marine Labs Staple Granules, Fine or
OSI Marine Labs Staple Granules, Tiny or
OSI Marine Labs Freshwater Flakes
Supplementing with these 2-3 times a week:
  Aqua Yums Frozen Brine Shrimp
Aqua Yums Frozen Bloodworms

Discus
Discus people know what they want. They simply look for the best looking, most exotic fish in freshwater. Keeping these fish is a little challenging. Nutrition is the first step in reducing the challenge. An all-frozen diet is the best choice for these fish. Some keepers have good luck with dried foods. Tthe pros use the foods listed below.
Feed :
  Freshwater MultiPack
Supplementing with these 2-3 times a week:
  Aqua Yums Frozen Bloodworms
Live Blackworms, if available, if needed

Bettas (Betta splendens)
Feed a combination of:
  OSI Marine Labs Betta Food
Supplementing with these 2-3 times a week:
  Aqua Yums Frozen Bloodworms
Live Blackworms, if available (if needed)

Goldfish
Orandas. Goldfish need plenty of vegetable matter to stay healthy. Supplement feedings with frozen foods.
Feed a combination of:
  OSI Marine Labs Goldfish Flakes
OSI Marine Labs Goldfish Pellets, Md
OSI Marine Labs Goldfish Pellets, Sm
Supplementing with these 2-3 times a week:
  OSI Marine Labs Goldfish Ultra

Koi
  See Pond Solution 18

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